Half marathon recovery is one of the least glamorous aspects of your half marathon. Once you cross that finish line, the last thing you want to do is follow another schedule (unless you’re the kind of person who thrives on schedules).
But the recovery is just as important as the miles you put in during training.
In fact, recovering effectively post-marathon will affect your future half marathons (and maybe your marathon if that’s the next step in your running journey).
Because recovery alters your perspective on how the run went. If you don’t recover, you’ll feel exhausted, sore, and you’ll feel that you’re not ready to continue running more in the future.
Let’s look at how to recovery after a
What Happens in Our Bodies During Post Half Marathon Recovery
Knowing what happens in your body while running and recovering will help you recover better.
Your muscles are full of adenosine triphosphate (also called ATP). These are molecules that carry energy within the muscles’ cells. The body makes them with food like like carbohydrates and sugar.
The cells break down glycogen (your running fuel) by pulling glucose from your blood.
When this happens, the muscles unleash lactic acid, which triggers your brain that your body is under stress (flight or fight mode).
Your heart then beats faster, which shoots more blood toward your muscles (that’s why your face turns red). That blood moves away from other organs which causes you to breathe heavily and elevates your temperature, making you sweat.
This whole process causes microscopic tears in your muscle fibers while you run. After the run, the upturn of your system (heavy breathing, sweat, blood in different places) needs to go back to normal so it can repair and rebuil those muscle fibers.
All of this makes your body stronger and more adaptable. It prevents injury and boosts your immune system.
That may sound complicated, so we’ll break the recovery process into stages.
The Stages of Half Marathon Recovery
Rebuilding your muscles to gear up for more training involves two stages: immediate, and delayed.
This takes place right after you run and the hours following. Your body finishes sweating and returns to a calm state. You need to replace your sugar levels and ease muscle tension.
This stage happens during the evening of the race (typically you run in the morning and finish by late morning or early afternoon) and the week following your race.
Your goal is to keep muscles loose and build the muscles up by accumulating the work you’ve put in from past workouts. You rebuild for greater strength in the long haul.
The Ideal Recovery Schedule
To break those stages up in even further, here is the ideal half marathon recovery schedule. Follow it, and you’ll be back on the trail in no time, full of energy and enthusiasm to conquer more miles.
Right after the race:
The name of this game: refuel and rehydrate.
Frist, walk 10-15 minutes to cool down and stop sweating.
Get electrolytes and calories into your system to jumpstart your recovery. Water should provide plenty of electrolytes but Gatoride will dump even more into your sytem.
Eat a banana.
Drink more water.
Eat something with carbohydrates and protein. Bonus points if you also take in sugar to replenish glycogen. An energy bar usually works well for this.
Change into some warm dry clothes and get out of your sweaty ones to get your circulation back to normal.
Do some simple stretches or use a foam roller to ease your muscles and put them in relaxation mode.
One hour after your run:
Rather than going barefoot, wear a shoe that’s lightweight and supportive, to keep your arches in good condition.
Eat a hearty, healthy meal. I know you’re wondering if now is a good time for a juicy burger and fries. While calories are definitely not an issue, your body needs something packed with complex carbohydrates, lean protein, and vitamin-restoring vegetables.
To satisfy your appetite and craving, a big chicken burrito could be just the thing for your post run meal. Burritos have beans for carbohydrates, the chicken provides lean protein, avocado adds healthy fat. Bell peppers, spinach, or other vegetables will replenish your vitamins.
You’ll also most likely want a cold beer, but experts say to limit alcoholic beverages to just one serving. Even if you drink lots of water after the race, your body will still be dehydrated so the alcohol will keep you from repleneshing that hydration.
The remainder of the first day:
There are no complicated steps for you to take; after all, you already did the majority of the work running your half marathon recovery. Just keep these recommendations in mind and enjoy your victory.
Rest. Don’t do anymore exercise today!
Ice. If your ankles or the balls of your feet are swollen, soak them in water or use an ice pack.
Nap. If you’re feeling sleepy, don’t fight it. Indulge in some afternoon shut-eye.
The day after your run:
You might be so excited after your race that you’re ready to jump right back in and get started on your marathon training plan. Either that, or you’re dissapointed by your pace and are ready to improve the next one.
Either way, don’t do any intense training post run. A light jog or any other non-impact exercise is a much better option. Walking, swimming, or cycling will keep your blood flowing and prevent your muscles from going into shock.
Be sure to continue eating healthy meals and snacks, since food plays a major part in energy and cardio fitness.
Do a recovery run. While recovery runs are not required, they do come highly recommended. They are performed at low intensity, designed to keep your body from getting taxed.
Increasing your blood flow in a non-threatening way helps flush any waste products from your blood (like lactic acid buildup). With an effective recovery run, you could cut the week of recovery into just a few days.
The key to a successful recovery run is to listen to your body. Don’t let yourself get too out of breath and don’t push your muscles to an uncomfortable place.
Aim to run 20-30 minutes or 2-3 miles, but err on the side of running shorter and slower, rather than longer or faster. It’s best to do the run within 24 hours of your race to get optimum results.
The week following your race:
You can get back into running during this period, but it’s not recommended to start a full-on training plan for the week following your race.
The transition back into running with light runs or crosstraining exercises like cycling, swimming, and hiking. Strength training is also a good way to recover…just not heavy weight lifting. Do bodyweight exercises like pushups, pullups, squats, hill climbing, or crunches.
Don’t forget to prioritize sleep. Try to get to bed early to allow those prime sleep hours before midnight. Adequate sleep is important for anytime during running training, but it shouldn’t be overlooked during your recovery period.
Optional: get a massage! Now is the prime time to treat your muscles to relaxation and restoration.
This week doesn’t necessarily have to be 7 days. Just listen to your body. If it feels stronger and ready to get back into training, go for it!
Additional Tips on Half Marathon Recovery
If you want your post half marathon recovery to be as seamless as possible, remember to prevent problems before they happen.
That means pay attention to minor injuries before they become major. Don’t push yourself too hard. Of course, you want to do your best, but that shouldn’t come at a price too high to pay.
The best way to avoid pushing yourself too hard is following the right training plan for you.
If you want a better finishing time in your next half marathon, download one of our free training plans to get the right start (and middle and end) in your next race!