Many runners are conflicted or confused about the advice that long runs should normally be done at a slow and conversational pace – in this post, I’m going to dig into the details and reasoning behind this.
Long runs are easily the most popular topic that runners email me about.
The most common question is something along the lines of:
I’m hoping you could clarify something for me.
My training is going well and I’m following training plan A B C. I’m following the advice that I should be doing my long training runs at a slow, conversational pace. However, this almost feels too easy – and leaves me concerned that on my race day, I won’t be able to run the full distance at my target pace . . . I’ll be too accustomed to running slow. What should I do?”
Let’s jump in!
The Purpose of Long Runs
This is so that come race day, your body is adapted to go the entire distance.
Simple so far, right?
For beginner and intermediate runners (i.e. those of us without 5+ years of steady distance running under our belts), going out for long runs each weekend isn’t something our body is accustomed to.
Add to that the fact that these long runs aren’t taking place in a vacuum – they are part of a structured, but at times intense, training schedule.
This means that sometimes you’ll rock up to your long runs and already be sore and tired.
And it means that you’ll almost certainly be sore and tired the day after each long run – when you’ve likely got another workout scheduled.
Side note: as you get into longer long runs, you should be mindful of runner’s nipple – chafing that begins to irritate after hours of running!
Balancing Training Load with Intensity
This is where the rubber meets the road.
Your training plan needs to get you race ready by developing your running ability, speed, and endurance.
However, combining speed + endurance on your long runs can be exhausting.
It may be maintainable for few weeks, but over a 3-5 month training period your body doesn’t get much of an opportunity to recover.
Gradually aches, strains, fatigue, and injury begin to manifest.
That’s why the accepted practice for marathon training is to remove any intensity from your long runs.
Remember, the purpose of your long runs is simply to increase endurance.
If you parse out speed, all of the required benefits can be gained by running your long runs at a slow, manageable pace.
Two Distinct ‘Muscles’ – Speed and Endurance
The analogy I use when explaining this to runners is to imagine that ‘speed‘ and ‘endurance‘ are two distinct muscles.
You can choose to try and train them together by doing long runs at your race pace, but it will leave you exhausted and take longer to recover from.
Alternatively, you can isolate each of these muscles and train them separately.
In other words – do short race pace runs through the week, and a long run at the weekend.
This way you’re not over-taxing your body at any one point, and you’re spreading the training load over the week.
Now, if you’ve been training for a long time and your body is already adapted to race pace long runs, you’re in a different camp. But for the majority of runners in training, long runs represent a new physical challenge – so should be treated with respect.
Maintaining Race Pace on Race Day
“But how will I know that I can run long and fast come race day?”
Some runners get understandably nervous about the ‘slow and steady’ long run approach, as it means that race day will be the first time they actually do a long run at race pace.
There are a couple of remedies to this.
First, it’s fine to do a few long runs at your target race pace. I’d recommend no more than one every 3 to 4 weeks; and be mindful that your body may need extra time to recover afterwards.
Second, you can incorporate Fast Finish long runs; these are normal long runs where you run the last 30% of the run at an increased pace – not necessarily race pace, but faster than your regular pace.
An important point to bear in mind is that your race day performance is almost always better than any training run.
Your body is better rested and tapered, you’re psychologically primed, you feel the adrenaline of the event, you may have fuelled better and rested more, and you will feel the support of other runners and crowds.
It’s natural to feel nervous and doubt your potential, but you should feel reassured that you’re very likely to be strong on race day.
- The majority of distance runners aren’t well enough adapted to run their long runs at a fast pace / race pace. Doing so places too much strain on their bodies during an already busy training schedule, and can lead to marathon training burnout.
- Due to this, the best solution for balancing training v.s. the risk of overtraining is to perform the majority of long runs at a slow, conversational pace. The runner still gets all the advantages of improving their endurance but at a lower intensity.
- Experienced distance runners can vary their long-run pace more than beginner / intermediate runners.
- Runners get nervous about not performing any long runs at race pace; it’s suggested that these runners do a faster long run every 3-4 weeks maximum, and preferably during a step-back week.
- Fast finish long runs are an effective tool for combining long runs and speed, with less risk of overtraining / fatigue / injury.